Adriaen van 's Gravenhage (d. 1538)
Adriaen van 's Gravenhage, an Anabaptist martyr and a linen weaver by trade, was seized at Vught near 's Hertogenbosch in the Dutch province of North Brabant with eleven other men and women. All of them were poor except the goldsmith Paulus van Druynen, the preacher of the congregation, and his wife. Adriaen and Paulus were burned at the stake together with Michiel Stevens van Oosterhout, a potter, and Jan Blok of Gent, a weaver, on 9 September 1538. Two days later several others were executed, including Jan van Capel. On 14 September another execution took place. The Martyrs Mirror names the seven judges who sentenced them and the godparents chosen by the court for the forcible baptism of the nine-month-old son of Paulus. Michael was the deacon of the congregation, which was Melchiorite, (i.e., followers of Melchior Hoffman). This is supposedly the first execution in the northern half of the Low Countries at which an attempt was made to prevent the victims from speaking at the site of the execution by gagging them with a knotted rope.
Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doops-gesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts, ..., 1685: Part II, 41-42.
Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 447 f. Available online at: http://www.homecomers.org/mirror/contents.htm.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1917): 186-194.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 161.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 15. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Vos, Karel. "Adriaen van 's Gravenhage (d. 1538)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 25 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/A2975.html.
APA style: Vos, Karel. (1955). Adriaen van 's Gravenhage (d. 1538). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/A2975.html.