Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651)
|Das Gehör by Jacob
Adriaensz Backer, ca. 1635
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Jacob Adriaensz Backer, born 1608 at Harlingen, Dutch province of Friesland (where his father, Adriaen Tjercksz, a baker, was a deacon of the Waterlander Mennonite Church), died 27 August 1651 at Amsterdam, was a Dutch painter. He was first a pupil of Lambert Jacobsz, and later on of Rembrandt, whose way of painting he followed, without reaching the deep penetrating psychology of the master. Yet he was a painter of good reputation and his pictures were in high favor. An "Erection of the Cross" of 1633 is called a master piece. He chiefly painted portraits and groups (corporation and civic-guards pictures). He had many pupils, including Adriaen Backer. After 1650 the quality of his pictures is inferior to his earlier ones. Many of his paintings must have been lost. He also made many drawings. There is a self-portrait of him, now in the museum of Lyons (France). About his life very little is known; likely he was unmarried.
Bauch, Kurt. Jakob Adriaensz Backer: ein Rembrandt-Schüler aus Friesland. Berlin, 1912.
Martin, Willem. De Hollandsche schilderkunst in de zeventiende eeuw. 3rd ed. Amsterdam : Meulenhoff, 1944: 112-114.
Oud-Holland: tijdschrift voor Nederlandse kunstgeschiedenis 42 (1925): 278; 43 (1926): 289-292.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 204. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 18 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/B3366.html.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1955). Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/B3366.html.