Baden (Canton Aargau, Switzerland)
Baden, a town in the Swiss canton of Aargau, is known in the history of the Reformation particularly for the religious disputation held there from 18 May to 8 June 1526, in which Johannes Eck, Faber, and Thomas Murner represented the Catholics, and Johann Oecolampadius of Basel and Berchtold Haller of Bern represented the Protestants. Ulrich Zwingli kept himself aloof. Both parties claimed the victory. Most of the priests present, to be sure, voted for Eck (82), whereas Oecolampadius received only 10 votes. Nevertheless the skillful and adroit demeanor of Oecolampadius and Haller highly pleased the Protestants in Switzerland.
At the sessions of the Swiss federal parliament at Baden on 18 November 1530, and 10-16 May 1532 it was decided that Anabaptist preachers and all who contributed to their support should be punished by fine or imprisonment. The magistrate should have the Anabaptists instructed by men who knew the Scriptures; those who did not desist he was to drown without further ceremony. But the authorities did not succeed in eradicating the Anabaptists. In 1560 an Anabaptist woman, unwilling to forsake her faith, was drowned. In 1576 Anabaptists from Moravia led many away with all their possessions; their property was therefore confiscated (Müller, Berner Täufer, 96). In 1582 two Moravian emissaries, Heinrich Sumer and Jakob Mandel, were captured in Zurzach, brought to Baden and drowned there on 9 October (Beck, Geschichts-Bücher, 281).
Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967: 281.
Heiz, J. "Täufer im Aargau." Taschenbuch der historischen Gesellschaft des Kantons Aargau für das Jahr 1902. Aarau, 1902: 107-205.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 107.
Müller, Ernst. Geschichte der Bernischen Täufer. Frauenfeld: Huber, 1895. Reprinted Nieuwkoop: B. de Graaf, 1972: 96.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, pp. 208-209. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Neff, Christian. "Baden (Canton Aargau, Switzerland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/B3385.html.
APA style: Neff, Christian. (1955). Baden (Canton Aargau, Switzerland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/B3385.html.