Bergmann, Cornelius (1881-1951)
Cornelius Bergmann, a Mennonite historian, born 26 January 1881 at Neuhoffnung, Samara, died at Jena, Germany, 28 October 1951. He attended the Zentralschule of Ohrloff in the Molotschna settlement and taught school for five years. In 1907 he graduated from the Gymnasium at Berdyansk, after which he did graduate work at the universities of Leipzig, Berlin, and Zürich, particularly in history, but also in German literature, education, and philosophy. In 1915 he concluded his study and obtained a Ph.D. based on a dissertation which was published under the title Die Täuferbewegung im Kanton Zürich bis 1660 (Leipzig, 1916). This valuable book is still one of the significant sources pertaining to the early Swiss Anabaptists of Switzerland.
After some teaching at the Lyzeum in Zuoz, Switzerland, Bergmann joined the publishing enterprise of Grethlein and Co, of Leipzig as a scholarly editor, after which he became lector of the Eugen Diedrichs Publishing House at Jena, which became his lifework. He published numerous contributions in the realm of literature, culture, and sociology in periodicals, and lectured at the Volkshochschule of Jena, etc. Later he translated Russian classical literature into German in connection with the Slavic Seminar of the University of Jena (Chekhov, Korolenko, etc.), which demonstrated his perfect mastery of both languages. Numerous articles by Bergmann were published in the Mennonitisches Lexicon such as Chortitza and Egli, Emil. Later was his article, "Ueber das deutsche Schrifttum im Siedlungsraum am Schwarzen Meer und im Wolgagebiet" (Deutsche Post aus dem Osten, Berlin, 1943, No. 1, 17-19). He also devoted some time to genealogical research pertaining to the background of his family in Prussia.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, pp. 278-279. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Kauenhoven, Kurt. "Bergmann, Cornelius (1881-1951)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1953. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/B4592.html.
APA style: Kauenhoven, Kurt. (1953). Bergmann, Cornelius (1881-1951). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/B4592.html.