Bildhausen (Münnerstadt, Freistaat Bayern, Germany)
|Bildhause Chapel. Source:
Bildhausen (Maria Bildhausen), a former Cistercian monastery, five miles (eight km) northeast of Münnerstadt in Lower Franconia, Germany, was in the 19th century the seat of a Mennonite congregation, whose members had come from Baden and Württemberg. The first Mennonites settled in the region in the last quarter of the 18th century, where the Anabaptists had in the 16th century had a large following. Peter Neuschwanger was named as the first settler; he arrived in 1770. Other families soon followed. Services were at first held at various places, and were later transferred to Bildhausen and the adjacent monastery.
The monastery, which had existed since 1156 and was secularized in 1803, was purchased by two barons of Meiningen. The Mennonite Muselmann family bought half the estate in 1818 for 85,000 guilders. The chapel of the monastery, in a state of collapse, was restored and used by the Mennonites as a church. In 1838 the congregation established a school and supported a teacher, Christian Stauffer of the Branchweilerhof near Neustadt a.H., who, however, soon emigrated to America. On 3 April 1897 the estate and the Rindhof located to the east, which had also long been occupied by Mennonites, was bought by a Catholic order in order to build an institution for mentally handicapped persons (Bote von Grabfeld, 7 April 1897). Since the monastery was sold, Mennonite religious services have been held in Trappstadt.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 221.
Mennonitische Blätter (1856): 80.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 342. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Hege, Christian. "Bildhausen (Münnerstadt, Freistaat Bayern, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1953. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/B54038.html.
APA style: Hege, Christian. (1953). Bildhausen (Münnerstadt, Freistaat Bayern, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/B54038.html.