Heinrich Eby Press
The Heinrich Eby press was a printing establishment in Berlin (now Kitchener), Waterloo County, ON. On 4 March 1835, Heinrich Wilhelm Peterson, a printer who had moved from the United States to Berlin, presented a proposal to establish a printing press in Berlin and invited supporters to become subscribers and shareholders in the company. On Thursday, 27 August 1835, the first fruits of the enterprise appeared in the form of the Canada Museum und Allgemeine Zeitung, the first German weekly newspaper in Upper Canada. The list of subscribers to the enterprise included a large number of Mennonites, including Heinrich Eby and his father, Bishop Benjamin Eby, who was a spiritual and cultural leader of the large Mennonite settlement in this region. In 1840, Peterson, whose health was deteriorating and whose other interests left him less time for printing, sold the German part of his printing company to Heinrich Eby, who had been his apprentice for four years.
Eby began a new German newspaper called Der Deutsche Canadier und Neuigkeitsbote, later shortened to Der Deutsche Canadier. Primarily a political journal, the paper appealed to recent immigrants with its extensive coverage of European events. In terms of Canadian politics, Canadier strongly supported the cause of the Reform Party in Canadian Politics. The paper also, from its inception, carried some literary content, and after 1850 an increasing amount of poetry and prose filled its pages. Eby's other publications included: Briefe an die Mennonisten Gemeine in Ober Canada (1840); Kurzgefasste Kirchengeschichte und Glaubenslehre der Taufgesinnten-Christen oder Mennoniten (1841); Die Gemeinschaftliche Liedersammlung (1841, 1849); Zweyter Brief aus Dänemark an die Mennonisten Gemeine in Canada (1841); ABC- Buchstabir- und Lesebuch (1842, 1847); Geistliches Sendschreiben des Christlichen Lehrers und Predigers Heinrich Nissly (1842); Fibel zu den ersten Lese-Uebungen (1843); Kleiner Katechismus (1845); Glaube und Lehre von der Taule der Mennoniten in Deutschland (1845); Die Ernsthafte Christenpflicht (1845).
In 1851, Heinrich Eby sold Canadier to his brother, Peter Eby, who sold it to another brother, Elias Eby in July of 1856. In May of 1857, Elias Eby sold Canadier to Dougall McDougall, who owned the paper until the Berliner Journal, a competing German newspaper, forced him to cease publication in 1865.
Kalbfleisch, Herbert Karl. The History of the Pioneer German Language Press of Ontario, 1835-1918. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1968: 18-40.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 139. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Bender, Harold S. "Heinrich Eby Press." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 20 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/H457ME.html.
APA style: Bender, Harold S. (1956). Heinrich Eby Press. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/H457ME.html.