Kaldenkirchen (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany)
|Kaldenkirchen coat of arms and location
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Kaldenkirchen, a town (population 5,700 in 1957), earlier called Kaldekerk, in the Brüggen district of Jülich, Germany (coordinates: 51° 19′ 15″ N, 6° 11′ 58″ E). In 1533 there was much disputing in the vicinity concerning the Mass and communion. A hatter named Venlo preached. When Herr Anthonius preached in Bracht the bells rang. In 1550 the Merchenarius Johann Backhuys was deposed from his position in the church by the bishop of Liége. There were a number of Anabaptists in the Brüggen district: in 1638 seven in Dülken and seven in Kaldenkirchen; in 1652 six in Dülken, one in Bracht, and eight in Kaldenkirchen. Shortly after this last listing they had to leave the district. We meet a number of them again in Krefeld, from where they emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1683. Of particular interest is the fate of Theisz Dohr (Doermans or Peterschen), which is given at length in the records contained in the state archives at Düsseldorf, Jülich-Berg II, 252. His sons and sons-in-law were in the group that emigrated to America in 1683. Kaldenkirchen was also the home of the brothers Jan and Willem Streypers, who played a role in the emigration to Pennsylvania. They had originally been Reformed, but became Quakers and were Quakers in Germantown. The Quaker church was established by English missionaries at Kaldekerk as early as 1680. Jan Streypers returned to Kaldekerk permanently in 1706.
Hull, W. I. William Penn and the Dutch Quaker Migration to Pennsylvania. Swarthmore College, 1935.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 137. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Bender, Harold S. "Kaldenkirchen (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/K216.html.
APA style: Bender, Harold S. (1957). Kaldenkirchen (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/K216.html.