Müller, Johannes (16th century)
Johannes Müller, a master in the guild of goldsmiths in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany, influential in the treatment of religious questions in the second decade of the Reformation. He was a member of the rather large Anabaptist congregation in Ulm. In 1528 he became a voting member of the city council (Keim, 120 and 265). The scant records indicate that he tried to establish Anabaptist principles. When the council discussed the 18 articles of the Ulm church order (chiefly the work of Martin Bucer) in May 1531 he proposed leaving the matter of baptism open (op. cit., 225). Even though his suggestions did not carry, it is nevertheless worthy of note that in the following month the council invited the clergy of the city and district to the city hall (Rathaus) to express their view on the 18 articles, so that none should have occasion to complain of compulsion (Thudichum, 640). He appears to have been influential in the attitude toward the Anabaptists in other imperial cities of upper Swabia. He also had some contacts with Oecolampadius, whose position on infant baptism was more liberal and who maintained connections with Bucer; the two sent their greetings to him through Ambrosius Blaurer and Konrad Sam (Blarer I, 251) on 1 July 1531. It is not impossible that he had a voice in determining the attitude of tolerance toward the Anabaptists in the decisions of Memmingen, the idea of which was conceived in Ulm.
Blarer, Ambrosius. Briefwechsel der Brüder Ambrosius und Thomas Blaurer, 1509-1548. Freiburg i. Br. : F.E. Fehsenfeld, 1908-1912: Bd. I.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon., 4 v. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: III, 179 f.
Keim, Theodor. Die Reformation der Reichsstadt Ulm: ein Beitrag zur schwäbischen und deutschen Reformationsgeschichte. Stuttgart : C. Belser, 1851.
Thudichum, Friedrich von. Die Deutsche Reformation, 1517-1537. Leipzig : Max Sängerwald, 1907-1909: Bd. 2.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pp. 771-772. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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