Nusslau (Morava, Czech Republic)
Nusslau (Nussla, Nuslau; Czech, Nosislava) is a market town in Moravia between Selowitz and Nikoltschitz. It belongs to the lands of the Zierotin family. As in Nikoltschitz, the Brethren began to settle here in 1570 and contributed a substantial fee to the owners of the land.
According to the chronicles the Brethren in Selowitz also moved to Nusslau, probably because they wanted to cultivate vineyards and hop farms here under the favor of the lords. The fate of this Bruderhof is closely connected with that of Nikoltschitz. In July 1600 much of their goods were consumed by the compulsory quartering of troops, and in 1601 by the quartering of 5,000 foot soldiers in the neighborhood. Five years later the Hohenlohe and Münsterberg armies plundered the Bruderhof.
The "good time" was over with the death of Frederick of Zierotin. His successors were too much concerned with their own advantage. This created much tension. In 1615 the Brethren thought seriously of emigrating, "because with inadequate food, with much robot labor, also all sorts of gifts and fees, they were hard pressed and also with the lords there was always strife and unpleasantness, so that one could not trust himself to endure it." The school and tannery had already been located at another place. But in the end the baron promised them better food and treatment, and they decided to stay.
In the rebellion the Hutterite Bruderhofs suffered great misfortune. On 5 January 1621 imperial troops plundered Nusslau and "laid it in ashes." An aged sister died in it. On 30 March Polish auxiliaries struck down the superintendent of the Nusslau mill and an apprentice. In September 1622 the expulsion of the Brethren from Moravia led to the complete abandonment of the Bruderhof here.
Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967. III, 282.
Wolkan, Rudolf. Geschicht-Buch der Hutterischen Brüder. Macleod, AB, and Vienna, 1923.
Zieglschmid, A. J. F. Die älteste Chronik der Hutterischen Brüder: Ein Sprachdenkmal aus frühneuhochdeutscher Zeit. Ithaca: Cayuga Press, 1943.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Dedic, Paul. "Nusslau (Morava, Czech Republic)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 20 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/N8820.html.
APA style: Dedic, Paul. (1957). Nusslau (Morava, Czech Republic). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/N8820.html.