Pausram (Moravia, Czech Republic)
Pausram, a market village about four miles from Auspitz (Hustopeče), Moravia, in which Philip Vlay, a tile maker from Vaihingen, united with the Hutterian Brethren in August 1538, who settled in a house and small vineyard belonging to him. During the persecution of 1547 the Bruderhof had to be abandoned, but when the persecution subsided it was rebuilt on a larger scale. Here the deacon Michael Kern died in 1561, and the preacher Christian Zwickh, called Dietl, a native of Tyrol, on 18 September 1580; "he knew Latin well." The property had by this time grown considerably, the Brethren owning nine gardens in one division and four in another, then nine Gewand fields with meadows and forests, besides their house, and in addition a polishing and grinding equipment, a fulling machine, a tannery, and a grain mill, for which they paid their baron, Friedrich von Zierotin, an annual rent of fifty-two florins and thirty-two Moravian crowns. Friedrich von Zierotin also owned the land of the colonies in Selowitz, Pohrlitz, Nusslau, Nikoltschitz, and Pribitz, which housed about 3,000 Hutterian Brethren. In Pausram they also had a spa, which was widely known among the Moravian nobility. In this Bruderhof Karl von Zierotin dined on 4 November 1588, with his uncle Friedrich, who was a patient at the spa, and whom the Brethren called "our Fritz" because of his benevolence toward them. In Pausram occurred the death of the deacons Noah Weiss, 30 March 1606; Hans Summer, 23 September 1611; and exactly two years later Philipp Ferber. In December 1620 the Brethren who fled from the destroyed Bruderhofs of Pribitz, Pohrlitz, Maskowitz, and Niemtschitz sought refuge here. In May 1621 the imperial armies came to Pausram; the soldiers took "from the crafts men and here and there in the house by force what they liked." The captain confiscated the wine; the seven barrels were "drunk up in half a day and all kinds of arbitrariness took place thereby." In Pausram a meeting of all the preachers, householders, buyers, and distributors was held on 21 February 1622, in which the previous Vorsteher Rudolf Hirzel was expelled with Burckhart Braitenstainer and also Christoph Hirzel in spite of the threats of Cardinal Dietrichstein - for betraying the hiding place of the buried money, and Valentin Winter was appointed as elder. A few months later Pausram was abandoned.
Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn<. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967./p>
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 337 f.
Hruby, Fr. "Die Wiedertäufer in Mähren." Archiv fülr Kunde österreichischer Geschichtsquellen III (1850): 72 f.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 126. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Dedic, Paul. "Pausram (Moravia, Czech Republic)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 20 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/P3943.html.
APA style: Dedic, Paul. (1959). Pausram (Moravia, Czech Republic). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/P3943.html.