Swartzendruber, Jacob J. (1800-1868)
Jacob J. Swartzendruber, (1800-1868), the first Old Order Amish Mennonite bishop in Johnson County, Iowa, was born in Waldeck, Germany, in 1800, where he married Barbara Oesch, the widow of Peter Güngerich. He was ordained minister in 1826, emigrated to America in 1833, and lived in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, and Garrett County, Maryland. In 1851 he moved to Iowa and was there ordained bishop two years later. He died 5 June 1868. His son Joseph J. was ordained bishop in 1869 and among Jacob's descendants there have been no less than eight bishops and five ministers who served in Mennonite churches. His Christian ideals and high standards were important in molding the policies of the Amish churches in Iowa.
Bender, Harold S. and John Umble. "Documents Relating to Bishop Jacob Schwarzendruber." Mennonite Quarterly Review XX (July 1946): 222-39.
Gingerich, Melvin. Mennonites in Iowa. Iowa City, 1939.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 667. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Swartzendruber, Elmer G. "Swartzendruber, Jacob J. (1800-1868)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 25 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/Swartzendruber_Jacob_J.
APA style: Swartzendruber, Elmer G. (1959). Swartzendruber, Jacob J. (1800-1868). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/Swartzendruber_Jacob_J.