Warkentin, Bernhard (1847-1908)
Bernhard Warkentin (1847-1908)
Bernhard Warkentin: General Conference Mennonite leader; born in the village of Altonau, Molotschna Mennonite settlement, South Russia on 18 June 1847. Bernhard married Wilhelmina Eisenmayer on 12 August 1875 in Summerfield, Illinois, USA (see additional information for further information regarding Bernhard's family). Bernhard died 1 April 1908 in Beirut, Lebanon and was buried in the Greenwood cemetery at Newton, Kansas, USA.
He attended the secondary school in Halbstadt and a business college in Odessa. His father was a miller and had made a trip to Siberia to investigate settlement possibilities there. When the Mennonites of Russia became restless around 1870 about the prospective loss of certain privileges, America became a favorite topic of conversation. Bernhard Warkentin, Philip Wiebe, Peter Dick, and Jacob Bahr, all young men with well-to-do parents, made a trip to America in 1872. In 1872 they arrived at Summerfield, Illinois, where Warkentin made his headquarters at the home of Christian Krehbiel. He was in constant touch with his friend David Goerz back in Russia. He traveled extensively, investigating Manitoba, Minnesota, the Dakota territory, Kansas, and Texas, always reporting his findings. Railroad agents contacted him as soon as it became known that a considerable number of Mennonites were considering coming to America. He settled in Halstead, Kansas, in 1873 with the Summerfield Mennonites under the leadership of Christian Krehbiel, after attending McKendrie College of Lebanon, Illinois, for one year.
In 1873 he built a gristmill at Halstead on the Little Arkansas River. Two years later, Bernhard and Wilhelmina were married, and his father came from Russia to attend the wedding. In 1878 the Halstead Mill and Elevator Company was organized, of which his father-in-law was principal stockholder and president. In 1885 Warkentin made a trip to Europe, particularly South Russia, and after his return moved to Newton in 1886 and established the Newton Milling and Elevator Company. In 1900 he established the Blackwell (Oklahoma) Milling and Elevator Company. The milling industry which he started with a daily capacity of 10 barrels grew to a capacity of 1700 barrels, the flour being sold throughout the United States and Europe.
Warkentin's greatest public service was probably the introduction of the hard winter wheat to Kansas. Hard winter wheat or red Turkey wheat had been sown by the Mennonites immediately after their arrival in Kansas. It was Warkentin, however, who experimented with the various varieties of wheat in co-operation with Mark A. Carleton, a representative of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. In 1885 Warkentin made arrangements in South Russia for a large shipment of hard winter wheat to Kansas for distribution among the farmers. He was assisted by his brother-in-law Johann Philipp Wiebe and his nephew Bernhard Enns. In 1900 the Kansas State Millers Association and the Kansas State Dealers Association asked Warkentin to arrange for a large-scale importation of seed wheat. About 15,000 bushels were imported as a result. Carleton went to the Ukraine in 1898 to study the red Turkey wheat in its native country and experimented with some 300 varieties of wheat near Halstead (see Wheat).
Warkentin organized the Halstead State Bank and the Kansas State Bank of Newton, of which he was director and president. He held numerous other public offices and was active in the founding of Bethel College, the Bethel Deaconess Hospital, and the Mennonite Mutual Fire Insurance Company at Newton.
Death came to Warkentin on 1 April 1908, in Beirut, Syria (now Beirut, Lebanon). While he and Mrs. Warkentin were traveling from Damascus to Beirut, a pistol accidentally discharged in the adjoining compartment killing Warkentin.
Bernhard Warkentin's significance goes far beyond his instrumentality in bringing Mennonites to America. He was a pioneer of Kansas in helping to establish numerous institutions and businesses and making Kansas a "bread basket."
Connelley, William E. A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans V. New York, 1918: 2291 ff.
GRANDMA = GRANDMA (The Genealogical Registry and Database of Mennonite Ancestry) Database, 5.02 ed. Fresno, CA: California Mennonite Historical Society, 2006: #69192.
Kansas. Chicago, 1912: Part II, 1098 f.
Krahn, Cornelius. "Bernhard Warkentin." Mennonite Year Book and Almanac (1909): 24-26.
Krahn, Cornelius, ed. From the Steppes to the Prairies (1874-1949). Newton, 1949: 8-12.
Krahn, Cornelius. "Milling Industry - A Monument to Bernhard Warkentin, Founder." The Newton Kansan (Aug. 22, 1922): 100 ff.
Krahn, Cornelius. "Some Letters of Bernhard Warkentin Pertaining to the Migration of 1873-1875." Mennonite Quarterly Review (1950): 248-63.
Krahn, Cornelius. "Ueber den Heimgang unseres früheren Direktors Bernhard Warkentin." Monatsblätter aus Bethel College. Newton, May 1908: 54-57.
Letters of Bernhard Warkentin to David Gorz and Mark A. Carleton and his "Diary" are in the Bernhard Warkentin Collection, Mennonite Library and Archives, Bethel College.
The parents of Bernhard were Bernhard Aron Warkentin (19 December 1819, Altonau, Molotschna, South Russia – 10 February 1894, Ohrloff, Molotschna, South Russia) and Helene Thiesen (30 December 1815, Altonau, Molotschna, South Russia – 13 March 1887, Terpenie, Russia).
The wife of Bernhard was Wilhelmina "Minna" Eisenmayer (1 November 1852, Horse Prairie, St. Clair County, Illinois – 5 July 1932, Newton, Kansas, USA). Minna was the daughter of Conrad and Elizabeth Eisenmayer. Bernhard and Minna were married on 12 August 1875 in Summerfield, Illinois, USA.
Bernhard and Minna had two children: Edna and Carl.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 888. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Krahn, Cornelius and Richard D. Thiessen. "Warkentin, Bernhard (1847-1908)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. June 2007. Web. 25 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/W375022.html.
APA style: Krahn, Cornelius and Richard D. Thiessen. (June 2007). Warkentin, Bernhard (1847-1908). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/W375022.html.