Beiershorst (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Beiershorst (now Wybicko, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
|Detailed map of Beiershorst, 1925.
Source: Archiwum Map Zachodniej Polski
Beiershorst (also known as Beyershorst and Beierhorst; now known as Wybicko; coordinates: 54.2398, 19.0593 [54° 14′ 23″ N, 19° 3′ 33″ E]; population in 1905, 175; in 2012, 175) is located approximately 5 kilometres (3 miles) north-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), 23 km. (14 mi.) north of Malbork (Marienburg), 23 km (14 mi.) north-west of Elbląg (Elbing), and 32 km. (20 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Beiershorst was founded by Dutch settlers in 1591 in the Scharpau area, a desolate marshland owned by the city of Danzig. As the area was at or below sea level, early settlers used windmills, dikes, and drainage channels to reclaim the land. Until 1793 Beiershorst was part of Danzig in Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The Second Partition of Poland in 1793 added Danzig and its surrounding territory to the province of West Prussia. Beiershorst was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. Today it is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Stegna, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In the 1793 Danzig census there were eight Mennonite families in Beiershorst with the following surnames: Bargen, Claassen, Enss, Epp, Isaac, Neustaedter, Quiring, and Reimer. In 1820, Beiershorst/Baerenkampe had 125 residents, including 47 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Beiershorst were members of the Bärwalde Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Wybicko." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 6 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=476&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Wybicko." Web. 6 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wybicko.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 6 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=510.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Beiershorst (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 20 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/beiershorst_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Beiershorst (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/beiershorst_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.