Biesterfelde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Biesterfelde (now known as Bystrze, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
|Biesterfelde home, built in the early 19th century
Source: Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization
Biesterfelde (also known as Bysterfeld, Bysterfelde, Biesterfeld, Beisterfeld, Biesterfelde; now known as Bystrze; coordinates: 54.036005, 18.854255 [54° 2′ 9″ N, 18° 51′ 15″ E]; population in 1852, 261; in 1905, 211; in 2012, 220), is located approximately 5 kilometres (3 miles) north-west of Miłoradz (Mielenz), 12 km. (7 mi.) west of Malbork (Marienburg), and 40 km. (25 mi.) south of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
The village was founded by Ludolf König, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, on 36 włókas (646 hectares) under the name Bysterfeld. The church mentioned in the 16th century was demolished in the 19th century. The old estate Renkau (Rękowo) was incorporated into the village. Until 1772 the village was part of the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia. Biesterfelde was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 Biesterfelde (now Bystrze) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Miłoradz, within Malbork County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In 1776 two Mennonite families of nine people in total lived in Biesterfelde (Bergen and Ens). In 1820, the village had 166 residents, including 10 Mennonites.
Mennonites in Biesterfelde were members of the Heubuden Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Bystrze." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 8 October 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=299&lang=en.
Wikipedia. ""Bystrze, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 8 October 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bystrze,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 8 October 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de.
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MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Biesterfelde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. October 2012. Web. 23 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/biesterfelde_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (October 2012). Biesterfelde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/biesterfelde_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.