Dijkema, Fokke (1877-1944)
|Fokke Dijkema, ca. 1910
Fokke Dijkema: pastor, administrator and biblical scholar, was born 5 January 1877 at Ezumazijl, Friesland, and died 3 March 1944 at Amsterdam. He married Adriana Johanna Augusta Heg (14 August 1876-13 January 1926) on 26 June 1902. They had two sons, Pieter August and Augustinus. After Adriana's death in 1926, on 4 October 1927 he married Anna Gesina Schipper (12 June 1876-30 March 1958).
Dijkema was a Dutch Mennonite pastor who served the congregations of Winschoten, 1901-1905, Hilversum, 1905-1907, Rotterdam, 1907-1916, and Amsterdam, 1916-1942. From 1918-1940 he was a member of the board of the Algemene Doopsgezinde Sociëteit (A.D.S.; General Dutch Mennonite Conference).
From an early age Fokke Dijkema showed an interest in Protestant cooperation within the Netherlands and worldwide. In 1905 he attended, as a free-lance reporter, the Third International Conference of Liberal and Progressive Christianity at Geneva. From 1924 to 1940 he represented the A.D.S. on the board of the Netherlands chapter of the World Alliance for the Promotion of Friendship through the Churches. He co-founded, as a representative of A.D.S., the Netherlands Central Committee for Liberal Protestantism in 1923, and the Netherlands Ecumenical Council in 1935. Shortly after World War I he was appointed to the Netherlands Committee for Support to the French Protestant Churches, which helped to finance the rebuilding of damaged or destroyed Protestant churches in the north of France. He was awarded the Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française (Medal of French Gratitude) in 1930.
His field of academic study was the Old Testament and Hebrew; he published scholarly papers on Hebrew linguistic problems and Old Testament subjects mainly in Nieuw Theologisch Tijdschrift. In 1933 he was elected as a member of the Old Testament Translation Committee of the Netherlands Bible Society. In 1942 he was elected to the permanant subcommittee of the Translation Committee; it met almost daily to complete the translation, which together with a new translation of the New Testament was published in 1951 as a new, modern translation of the Bible."
Dijkema was an adherent of liberal theology. He published many articles in the Mennonite weekly De Zondagsbode and a number of booklets including Het Avondmaal (Rotterdam, n.d., 1908), De Ongeloovigen (Amsterdam, 1917), Buitenkerkelijke Stroomingen: spiritisme, theosofie, Christian Science, Orde van de Ster in het Oosten (Amsterdam, 1928), and a historical study, De Doopsgezinden in Amsterdam: 1530-1930 (Amsterdam, 1930). In September 1940, a few months after the German invasion of the Netherlands, he published De Openbaring van Johannes in haar doel en beteekenis voor dezen tijd beoordeeld, intended to help prevent injudicious use of the Revelation of John to predict the course of the war.
Fokke Dijkema was highly regarded by his contemporaries. The tablet in the façade of the Singelkerk in Amsterdam symbolizing the unification of the Amsterdam Mennonite congregation in the preceding centuries was a present offered to Dijkema in 1942 on the occasion of his retirement. The tablet was created and unveiled posthumously by his widow in 1950. In 1958 at the 350th anniversary of the Singelkerk, his younger colleague, Frits Kuiper, recalled, "Fokke Dijkema in 1930 commemorated here four centuries of Mennonite life in Amsterdam (in 1530 there had been Mennonites in Amsterdam for nearly 80 years before this church was built). Dijkema sought for us the golden mean. He strove both after cooperation within the Liberal Protestant context and conscious participation in the Ecumenical movement. Besides cautious Modernism he found a gentle Orthodoxy suitable in this church ...."
Dijkema, F. Th. Bibliografie van ds. F. Dijkema *1877 †1944. Leiden, 1997.
Dijkema, P. A. "Een welbesteed predikantenleven: Ds. F. Dijkema (1877-1944)." Doopsgezind Jaarboekje (1979): 24-27. (A brief biographical impression by his eldest son).
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MLA style: Dijkema, Fokke Th. "Dijkema, Fokke (1877-1944)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. August 2008. Web. 21 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/dijkema_fokke_1877_1944.
APA style: Dijkema, Fokke Th. (August 2008). Dijkema, Fokke (1877-1944). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/dijkema_fokke_1877_1944.