Eichwalde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Eichwalde (now Dębina, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Eichwalde (also known as Eichwald and Dębowylas; now known as Dębina; coordinates: 54.1125, 19.038889 [54° 6′ 45″ N, 19° 2′ 20″ E]; population in 1905, 46; in 2012, 220) is located approximately 4 kilometres (2 miles) south-east of Nowy Staw, 9 km (6 mi) north of Malbork (Marienburg), and 39 km (24 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Eichwalde was first mentioned in historical records in 1341 and was granted Chełmno rights (Kulm Law, a legal constitution for a municipal form of government) in 1351 by Heinrich Dusemer von Arfberg, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, with 34.5 włókas (619 hectares) of land. Until 1772 Eichwalde was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Eichwalde was located. Eichwalde was situated in the district (Kreis) of Dirschau from 1887 until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. Today Eichwalde is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowy Staw, within Malbork County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1776 census of Prussia lists two Mennonite families in Eichwalde with the following surnames: Barch and Claasen.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Stara Koscielnica." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 8 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=311&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Dębina, Malbork County." Web. 8 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C4%99bina,_Malbork_County.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 8 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=1381
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MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Eichwalde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/eichwalde_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Eichwalde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/eichwalde_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.