Ellerwald 4.Trift (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Ellerwald 4.Trift (now Janowo, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
|Detailed map of Ellerwald 4.Trift, early 20th century.
Source: Archiwum Map Zachodniej Polski
Ellerwald 4.Trift (Ellerwald Vierte Trift and Ellerwald IV.Trift; now Janowo; coordinates: 54.1761, 19.2933 [54° 10′ 33″ N, 19° 17′ 35″ E]; population in 1905, 280) is located approximately 6 km. (4 mi.) west of Elbląg (Elbing), 12 km. (8 mi.) south-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 22 km. (14 mi.) north-east of Malbork (Marienburg).
During the period of the rule of the Teutonic Knights, the area between the Nogat River and the city of Elbing was covered by marshes, brush, and forest. After the Jagiellonian Channel (Kanał Jagielloński) was constructed in 1483, linking the Elbląg and Nogat rivers, the land was slowly drained and converted into meadows. The development of the meadows began in 1563 when four causeways were built. The land was divided into 435 parcels of land, representing each of the tenement houses in Elbing, and owned by the citizens of Elbing. In order to develop the area, the parcels of land were leased out to Mennonites that had been expelled from the city of Elbing shortly after 1550, along with Mennonites that had been expelled from Ducal Prussia in 1559. In a short period of time, the Mennonites established new villages, including Ellerwald 4.Trift. The land was divided into long strips (Triften), separated by drainage canals. By 1772, Mennonites held approximately 3,500 acres (1,416 hectares) of land in the Ellerwald area.
Until 1772 Ellerwald 4.Trift was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Ellerwald 4.Trift was located. Ellerwald 4.Trift was situated in the district (Kreis) of Elbing until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the German province of East Prussia. At that time the Ellerwald area was inhabited by 736 Mennonites. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 it was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Elbląg, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists 27 Mennonite families in Ellerwald 4.Trift with the following surnames: Barg, Brandt, Dick, Dircksen, Enss, Esau, Hamm, Jantzen, Kroecker, Rempel, Thiessen, Thimm, Toews, Von Bergen, Weis, Wieb, Wieler, and Wiens. In 1820 there were 272 residents in Ellerwald 4.Trift, including 69 Mennonites. In 1921, the Ellerwald area was inhabited by 736 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Ellerwald 4.Trift were members of the Elbing-Ellerwald Mennonite Church.
Klassen, Peter J. Mennonites in Early Modern Poland & Prussia. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009: 41-42.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Janowo." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 12 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=332&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Janowo, Elbląg County." Web. 12 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janowo,_Elbląg_County.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 12 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=1430.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Ellerwald 4.Trift (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. February 2013. Web. 21 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/ellerwald_4.trift_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (February 2013). Ellerwald 4.Trift (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/ellerwald_4.trift_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.