Gmunden (Oberösterreich, Austria)
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Gmunden, a town (1955 population, 10,000; 2004 population, 13,202) in Upper Austria on Lake Gmunden at the foot of the Traunstein (coordinates: 47° 55′ 5″ N, 13° 47′ 58″ E), known for its old salt refineries, was in the late 1520s the seat of an Anabaptist congregation. It is often confused with Gmünd, but neither the Gmünd in Lower Austria nor that in Carinthia was ever the seat of an Anabaptist congregation or the scene of Anabaptist martyrdom. But the Hutterite table of martyrs (Geschicht-Buch, 182) shows that in Gmunden two Anabaptists suffered a martyr's death. In Gmunden on 29 November 1529, Peter Riedemann was captured and held in chains; Beck therefore calls him the "martyr of Gmunden." Christoph Gschäl worked here, setting in order the brotherhood in Austria, which had become disorganized.
Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967: 88.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 128.
Wolkan, Rudolf. Geschicht-Buch der Hutterischen Brüder. Macleod, AB, and Vienna, 1923: 65, 73, 178, 182.
Wolkan, Rudolf. Die Lieder der Wiedertäufer. Berlin, 1903. Reprinted Nieuwkoop: B. De Graaf, 1965: 24.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 530. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Loserth, Johann. "Gmunden (Oberösterreich, Austria)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 23 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/gmunden_oberosterreich_austria.
APA style: Loserth, Johann. (1956). Gmunden (Oberösterreich, Austria). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/gmunden_oberosterreich_austria.