Göschl, Martin (before 1480-after 1533)
Dr. Martin Göschl, one of the notable personalities of Moravia in the early years of the Reformation, was provost (from 1524) of the Himmelsrose Nunnery at Kanitz, and Coadjutor Bishop of Olomuce (from 1509). He joined the Reformation in 1525. In the spring of 1526 he moved to Nikolsburg, having been forced to surrender the ecclesiastical property and income, which he had tried to retain. He supported the reform efforts of Baron Johann Dubzansky, who had called the synod of 11 March 1526 at Austerlitz, of which Oswald Glait wrote a report.
Göschl gave vigorous support to Balthasar Hubmaier when the latter arrived at Nikolsburg later in 1526, who then dedicated two tracts to him. In the foreword he declared Göschl to be the only bishop concerning whom he knew that he had "so manfully and bravely yielded himself to God and His holy Word in this world." The second pamphlet was written at Göschl's express request. It was to be a "catechism or summary" of those articles in which the youth were to be instructed. Göschl participated in person in the disputation held at Nikolsburg between Hubmaier and Hans Hut and his followers in 1527, hoping to eradicate the dissension that was developing among the Anabaptists. Göschl is reported to have threatened to deliver Hut to King Ferdinand because Hut had wanted to create disturbance in Nikolsburg; this information caused Hut to flee from Nikolsburg.
According to the Hutterite Chronicles Göschl died in the tower at Kremsier as a martyr to his convictions regarding "the Christian faith and baptism," but he can scarcely be reckoned as a real Anabaptist. He was too much interested in material finances to follow Hubmaier's teaching on the "crucifixion of the flesh." He was imprisoned in 1528.
Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967: 55.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II, 138 f.
Loserth, Johann. "Bilder aus der Reformationszeit in Mähren: Dr. Martin Göschl." Zeitschrift des Vereines für die Geschichte Mährens und Schlesiens I: 65 ff.
Zieglschmid, A. J. F. Die älteste Chronik der Hutterischen Brüder: Ein Sprachdenkmal aus frühneuhochdeutscher Zeit. Ithaca: Cayuga Press, 1943: 51.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 546. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Loserth, Johann and Harold S. Bender. "Göschl, Martin (before 1480-after 1533)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 19 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/goschl_martin_before_1480_after_1533.
APA style: Loserth, Johann and Harold S. Bender. (1956). Göschl, Martin (before 1480-after 1533). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/goschl_martin_before_1480_after_1533.