Göttingen (Niedersachsen, Germany)
Göttingen, a city (1955 pop. ca. 78,000, about one third of whom were refugees; 2006 pop. 129,686) in the former Prussian province of Hanover, after 1945 the seat of the first Mennonite congregation of refugees in West Germany (so named because of the residence of Ernst Crous, its founder-elder, and of Gerhard Hildebrandt, pastor after 1953), after 1948 also the seat of the Mennonite Research Center (Mennonitische Forschungsstelle) whose director was Ernst Crous. In 1947, in the ancient Göttingen town hall, the Mennonite relief organization for the whole of the British Zone of Germany was started, in cooperation with the Mennonite Central Committee. The new Göttingen congregation served 193 locations in an area of ca. 80 miles square, then comprising 1,271 Mennonites (souls), most of them refugees, about two thirds of them baptized members: 675 from Russia, 58 from Poland, 538 from West Prussia. Later most of those from Russia and Poland and some of those from West Prussia left for America. In 1955 the congregation had 325 baptized members with circuit meetings in the following places: Göttingen, Braunschweig, Salzgitter-Bad, Lebenstedt, Bad Hersfeld, Kassel, Hildesheim, Bad Lauterberg.
Crous, Ernst. Mennonitenbrief aus Göttingen (periodical 1947-1950).
Hiebert, Elfrieda Franz. "With the Mennonites in Göttingen." Mennonite Life 11 (1956): 73 f.
Kauenhoven, Kurt. "10 Jahre Mennonitengemeinde Göttingen." Der Mennonit 9 (1956): 60 f.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 554. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Crous, Ernst. "Göttingen (Niedersachsen, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 21 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/gottingen_niedersachsen_germany.
APA style: Crous, Ernst. (1956). Göttingen (Niedersachsen, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/gottingen_niedersachsen_germany.