Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de (1517-1586)
Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle (Grandvelle), Lord of Granvelle (b. 20 August 1517, d. 21 September 1586), Roman Catholic bishop of Utrecht 1567, Archbishop of Mechelen and a cardinal, was one of the most influential advisers of Margaret, Duchess of Parma, since 1559 Regent of the Netherlands (both the present Netherlands and Belgium). He was an opponent of William of Orange and an ardent fighter of "heretics," both Calvinists and Anabaptists, and influenced the regent to maintain the imperial decrees and to take to drastic action. In a letter of 1566 he wrote: "If we should give freedom . . . to everyone to believe whatever he wishes, we would have not only 'Hugenots' (Calvinists) . . . but also several kinds of Anabaptists, whose intentions are very pernicious for the Republic (common cause) as one might see by what has happened during our memory at Münster and Amsterdam, and a hundred thousand other monstrous sects."
Bessern, P. Edits de Persecution contre les Anabaptistes des Pays-Bas . . . Bern-Neuchatel-Buenos Aires, n. d.: 25-27.
Schelven, A. A. van. Willem van Oranje. Haarlem, 1933: 67-99.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 564. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de (1517-1586)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 21 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/granvelle_antoine_perrenot_de_1517_1586.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1957). Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de (1517-1586). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/granvelle_antoine_perrenot_de_1517_1586.