Jan de Swarte (d. 1563)
Jan de Swarte (de Zwarte), an Anabaptist martyr, burned at the stake in March 1563 at Rijssel (Lille) in France. Jan was a weaver, originally from Belle (Bailleul) in Flanders, chosen deacon and preacher by the congregation at Nijpkerke. He often moved, apparently because of persecution. Successively he lived at Hondschoote, Rijssel, Wervik, Meenen, and then in Halewijn, in all these towns serving the congregation. At Halewijn (Halluin), Belgian province of East Flanders, he was arrested in the night of 7 March 1563, together with his wife Claesken and their four sons, Claes, Christiaen, Hans, and Mahieu, besides two men who were staying with them and other members of the congregation of Halewijn. They were brought to Rijssel and all remained steadfast but Jacomijntgen, the wife of Pieter the Shoemaker. Jan de Swarte was executed on 16 March, on the same day as his son Claes and his guests Jan Maes and Perceval van den Berge and also Pieter the Shoemaker and Hendrik Aertsz. A few days later his wife Claesken, Christiaen, Hans, and Mahieu suffered martyrdom.
Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doopsgesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts, …, 1685: II, 299.
Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 664. Available online at:.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II, 389.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 83. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Jan de Swarte (d. 1563)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 19 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/jan_de_swarte_d._1563.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1957). Jan de Swarte (d. 1563). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/jan_de_swarte_d._1563.