Kalthof (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Kalthof (now Kałdowo, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Kalthof (also known as Kaldowe, Kaldowe Vogelsang, Kaldowo, Kaltenhoff, and Kaldau; now known as Kałdowo; coordinates: 54.042778, 18.988889 [54° 2′ 34″ N, 18° 59′ 20″ E]; population in 2012, 76) is located approximately 4 kilometres (2 miles) west of Malbork (Marienburg) and 43 km. (27 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Kalthof is located on the western bank of Nogat River. At the end of the 18th century, Kalthof had 17 houses. The village was divided into Kałdowo village and town. Until 1772 Kalthof was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Kalthof was located. Kalthof was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 Kalthof (now Kałdowo) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Malbork, within Malbork County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists 18 Mennonite families in Kalthof with the following surnames: Claasen, Conrad, Cornelius, Dickgres, Ens, Epp, Fast, Loewen, Penner, Reimer, Sudermann, Toews, Wieler, and Wiens. In 1820, there were 29 Mennonites among the 215 residents of Kaldhof, while among 224 town residents, 34 were Mennonites. In the second half of the 19th century, the village had 35 houses, 422 Catholics and Lutherans, and 25 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Kalthof were members of the Heubuden Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Kałdowo." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 16 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=345&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Kałdowo, Malbork County." Web. 16 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kałdowo,_Malbork_County.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 16 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=2851.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Kalthof (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 26 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/kalthof_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Kalthof (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 26 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/kalthof_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.