Kramer, Peter (d. ca. 1558)
Peter Kramer (Krämer, Kremer), an Anabaptist martyr, was "a servant (minister) of the church and a deacon in Jülich-Berg," Germany. He was seized in 1558 with Gotthard of Nonnenberg, and, when all attempts to convert them proved futile, beheaded at Windeck castle. Their brave death made a deep impression. "The common people were amazed, and said: 'What a marvelous thing behold we here! These men so willingly to go to death, when they could easily obtain their liberty. . . . The executioner said with fear and trepidation that he would never execute such men again." A song of 15 stanzas was written about their death, No. 21 in the Ausbund: "Merkt auf, ihr Volker überall" (Wolkan, Lieder, 101, 136). John Horsch (Kurzgefasste Geschichte, 130) says: "Kramer, Heinrich, Three epistles to the brethren imprisoned with him, 1558." This is obviously Peter Kramer.
Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doopsgesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts, …, 1685: II, 207.
Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 590. Available online at: http://www.homecomers.org/mirror/index.htm.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II, 556.
Horsch, John. Kurzgefasste Geschichte der Mennoniten-Gemeinden. Elkhart, 1890.
Wolkan, Rudolf. Die Lieder der Wiedertäufer. Berlin, 1903. Reprinted Nieuwkoop : B. De Graaf, 1965: 101, 136.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 232. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Neff, Christian. "Kramer, Peter (d. ca. 1558)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 19 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/kramer_peter_d._ca._1558.
APA style: Neff, Christian. (1957). Kramer, Peter (d. ca. 1558). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/kramer_peter_d._ca._1558.