Krommenie (Noord-Holland, Netherlands)
|Krommenie in the municipality of Zaanstad.
Source: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek
Krommenie, a town (pop. 1957 7,000; 2005 ca. 17,000; coordinates: 52° 30′ 0″ N, 4° 46′ 0″ E) in the Dutch province of North Holland. There were Anabaptists here very early. Dirk Gerritsz van den Busch from the vicinity of Krommenie was burned at the stake as a martyr in The Hague on 15 April 1534. Just as in the neighboring villages, a congregation no doubt was also formed here at Krommenie. Of its history not much is known. It belonged to the Waterlander wing. It is said to have numbered 300 members in 1675, but this may be exaggerated. Already by that time the congregation was rather liberal, most members being under Collegiant influence. On 22 July 1702 many homes were burned down; the church also fell a victim to the flames. In its place a beautiful new frame church was built. It was dedicated on 17 May 1703 (Ascension Day), by C. van Diepenbroek of Haarlem. It was still in use in the 1950s. It had an oak pulpit, old benches and a cabinet organ from the 18th century. The meetinghouse was to be renovated. In the 18th century the membership decreased. In 1826 it numbered only 73; then it increased: 104 in 1836, 126 in 1861, 197 in 1900, 248 in 1927; from then there has been a decline: 170 in 1955. Since 1923 the pastor of this congregation has been also serving Wormer and Jisp. The first minister of Krommenie who was educated at the Amsterdam Mennonite Theological Seminary was Jan Walig, serving here 1821-1864; he was followed by Jeronimo de Vries 1865-1870, J. W. van der Linden 1870-1873, J. P. van der Vegte 1874-1880, J. de Stoppelaar 1881-1885, J. G. Boekenoogen 1885-1922, R. C. de Lange 1923-1927, F. Kuiper 1928-1932, J. Maarse 1932-1947, J. H. Hylkema 1949- . Church activities in the 1950s included a ladies' circle and Sunday school for children.
Kromrnenie, whose population numbered about 2,000 in 1700, 3,050 in 1867, and about 7,000 in 1957, has always been an industrial town. Formerly it was known for its manufacture of canvas (in 1725 as much as 33,271 pieces); in the 1950s it had a number of factories, one of which was the widely known linoleum factory owned by the Mennonite Kaars Sypesteyn family.
Krommenie remained a separate municipality until 1974, when the new municipality of Zaanstad was created.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht en Gelderland. 2 v. Amsterdam: P.N. van Kampen, 1847: See Index.
Contactbrief van de Doopsgez. Gemeente Krommenie, 1953.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1863): 97; (1883): 72.
Doopsgezind Jaarboekje (1955): 18-20.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. 4 v. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II, 577.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. 2 v. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: I, No. 708; II, Nos. 2036-38; II 2, Nos. 267, 324.
Kühler, Wilhelmus Johannes. Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Doopsgezinden in de Zestiende Eeuw. Haarlem: H.D. Tjeenk Willink, 1932: I, 87, 108.
Slee, J. C. van. De Rijnsburger Collegianten. Haarlem, 1895: 194-196.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pp. 247-248. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Krommenie (Noord-Holland, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 19 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/krommenie_noord_holland_netherlands.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1957). Krommenie (Noord-Holland, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/krommenie_noord_holland_netherlands.