Landeck (Tyrol, Austria)
Landeck is a town (pop. 2007 7,633) in the Upper Inn Valley, Austria. It was one of the centers of the Anabaptist movement in northern Tyrol. In 1529 Bartlma Has was examined on a charge of Anabaptist inclinations; he was probably put to death. At least the martyr list in the Geschicht-Buch mentions a blood witness in Landeck. In 1539 a group of Anabaptists including a widow were questioned on the rack.
An indication of the strong growth of the movement is the series of Anabaptists imprisoned during the following years; they were "safely kept in the dark dungeon with warm water or goat soup made with little fat, otherwise fed once a day on bread and water." In 1543 some escaped; one of these was Hans Prugger, who was to be taken to the galleys via Hungary; in 1544 Hans Mändl escaped after 22 weeks of imprisonment with frequent trials on the rack, by beating his foot-chains with stones until he could slip out of them, and letting himself down on the rope used to bring up his food. In the 1540s several groups from Landeck migrated to Moravia; their property was secured by the government for the use of the children they left behind. In 1556 there was a larger emigration.
In 1574 the Moravian Hutterites sent a special epistle to Landeck. Up into the 1580s there is mention of Anabaptists at Landeck.
Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II, 608 f.
Loserth, Johann. Der Anabaptismus in Tirol. Vienna: F. Tempsky, 1892.
Wolkan, Rudolf. Geschicht-Buch der Hutterischen Brüder. Macleod, AB, and Vienna, 1923.
Zieglschmid, A. J. F. Die älteste Chronik der Hutterischen Brüder: Ein Sprachdenkmal aus frühneuhochdeutscher Zeit. Ithaca: Cayuga Press, 1943.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pp. 279-280. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Dedic, Paul. "Landeck (Tyrol, Austria)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 24 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/landeck_tyrol_austria.
APA style: Dedic, Paul. (1957). Landeck (Tyrol, Austria). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/landeck_tyrol_austria.