Landskrone (Molotschna Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)
Landskrone was a village in the Molotschna Mennonite settlement, Ukraine, South Russia. It was founded in 1839 by Mennonites who came from other villages in the Molotschna settlement. In 1869 Landskrone had 36 families with standard farms and 52 with smaller places or no land, with a total of nearly 10,000 acres. In 1914 it had a population of 600. The nearest railroad station was Stulnevo on the Tokmak line. Landskrone belonged to the Gnadenfeld district of the province Taurida. The principal occupation was farming and cattle raising. The village had a few business enterprises and an elementary school. For several years after World War I there was also an intermediate school (Fortbildungsschule). Some of the teachers were H. T. Janz (1913-1924) and Heinrich Willms. During and after the Revolution the village gradually disintegrated. Many of the men were sent into exile. When the German Army approached in 1941 all men 16 to 60 years of age were sent on foot to Kharkov and from there were shipped to Siberia. Soon all women and children were sent from Stulnevo to Siberia. Only a few individuals escaped and found their way to North America to tell the story of the tragic end of Landskrone.
Landskrone built a church in 1910, a subsidiary of the united Margenau-Alexanderwohl-Landskrone Mennonite Church. In 1918 it was host to the General Conference, which convened here.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 614.
Toews, Aron A. Mennonitische Märtyrer: der jüngsten Vergangenheit und der Gegenwart, 2 vols. North Clearbrook, BC: Selbstverlag des Vefassers, 1949-1954: v. II, 425.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pp. 284-285. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Janzen, Heinrich and Cornelius Krahn. "Landskrone (Molotschna Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. February 2013. Web. 18 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/landskrone_molotschna_mennonite_settlement.
APA style: Janzen, Heinrich and Cornelius Krahn. (February 2013). Landskrone (Molotschna Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/landskrone_molotschna_mennonite_settlement.