Neu Schottland (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Neu Schottland (now Nowe Szkoty, Gdańsk,
Source: Wikipedia Commons
|Detailed map of Neu Schottland, 1918
Neu Schottland (also known as Kolonie Neu Schottland, Kolonie Neuschottland, Neuschottland and Neu-Schottland; now known as Nowe Szkoty; coordinates: 54.3798, 18.628 [54° 22′ 47″ N, 18° 37′ 40″ E]) is an historic area of Gdańsk (Danzig).
By the late 14th century, strong trade links had been established between the Danzig region and Scotland. The immigration of Scottish settlers to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth began at that time and increased beginning in the last decades of the 16th century and continuing until the late 18th century. Neu Schottland (New Scotland), along with Alt Schottland, were two villages originally founded by Scottish settlers and later settled by Mennonites.
Until 1772 the village was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province on 31 January 1773, called West Prussia, in which the village was located. The village was situated in the district (Kreis) of Stadtkreis Danzig until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland.
The 1776 Prussian census lists two Mennonite families in Neu Schottland with the following surnames: Balee and Klein.
inyourpocket Essential City Guides. "Scottish Gdańsk." Web. 20 March 2013..
Wikipedia. "Nowe Szkoty." Web. 20 March 2013. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nowe_Szkoty/
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 20 March 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=7634.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Neu Schottland (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. March 2013. Web. 20 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/neu_schottland_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (March 2013). Neu Schottland (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/neu_schottland_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.