Nieder Gruppe (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Nieder Gruppe (also known as Niedergruppe; now known as Dolna Grupa; coordinates: 53.495833, 18.680278 [53° 29′ 45″ N, 18° 40′ 49″ E]; population in 1905, 137; in 2013, 1,030) is located approximately 7 kilometers (4 miles) west of Grudziadz (Graudenz), 19 km. (12 miles) north-east of Świecie (Schwetz), and 52 km. (32 miles) north of Toruń (Thorn).
Gruppe was a large gentry estate, owned by the Kopicki family in the 16th century and the Konarski family in the 17th and 18th centuries. At some point it was transformed into three separate villages: Ober Gruppe (Górna Grupa), Nieder Gruppe (Dolna Grupa), and Gruppe (Grupa), always linked however by one owner. In 1625 the Dutch settled in the village.
Until 1772 Nieder Gruppe was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province on 31 January 1773, called West Prussia, in which Nieder Gruppe was located. Nieder Gruppe was situated in the district (Kreis) of Schwetz in Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder until the end of World War I, when it became part of the Pomeranian Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic. Nieder Gruppe came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until March 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2013 Dolna Grupa was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Dragacz, within Świecie County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The Prussian census of 1776 lists 19 Mennonite families in Nieder Gruppe with the following surnames: Baltzer, Bartel, Ewert, Frantz, Goertz, Harm, Kliewer, Kopper, Nickel, Siewert, and Voht. In 1935 there were nine Mennonite families in Nieder Gruppe with the following surnames: Bartel, Foth, Franz, Hildebrand, Kalander, Kopper, Rosenfeld, and Tyart.
Mennonite who were residents of Nieder Gruppe were members of the Montau-Gruppe Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Dolna Grupa." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 12 March 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=487&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Dolna Grupa." Web. 12 March 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolna_Grupa.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 12 March 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=4738.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Nieder Gruppe (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. March 2013. Web. 25 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/nieder_gruppe_kuyavian_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (March 2013). Nieder Gruppe (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/nieder_gruppe_kuyavian_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.