Oberkerbswalde (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Oberkerbswalde (now Karczowiska Górne,
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Oberkerbswalde (also known as Kerbswald, Kerbswalde, Kerbswalde Ober Trift, Ober Kerbswald, and Ober Kerbswalde; now known as Karczowiska Górne; coordinates: 54.1264, 19.3573 [54° 7′ 35″ N, 19° 21′ 26″ E]; population in 1905, 338; in 2013, 230) is located approximately five kilometers (three miles) south-west of Elbląg (Elbing), 18 km. (11 miles) south-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 22 km. (14 miles) north-east of Malbork (Marienburg).
Oberkerbswalde was established as the result of a division of a low-lying area located by Lake Drużno near the city of Elbląg in the 1580s into eight 1-włóka (17.9549 hectares) plots. In 1586, a settlement was established on six of these plots. Until 1772 the village was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which the village was located. The village was situated in the district (Kreis) of Elbing until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the German province of East Prussia. At the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Karczowiska Górne came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2013 Karczowiska Górne was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Gronowo Elbląskie, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists 23 Mennonite families in Oberkerbswalde with the following surnames: Arend, Claassen, Gerbrand, Harms, Jantzen, Pauls (five families), Penner, Peters, Quapp, Quiring, Riediger, Schepler, Schmid, Schrott, Siebert, and von Riesen. In 1820, there were 301 residents in Oberkerbswalde, including 135 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Oberkerbswalde were members of the Elbing-Ellerwald Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Karczowiska Górne." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 9 February 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=347&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Karczowiska Górne." Web. 9 February 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karczowiska_Górne.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 9 February 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=4835.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Oberkerbswalde (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. February 2013. Web. 21 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/oberkerbswalde_warmian_masurian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (February 2013). Oberkerbswalde (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/oberkerbswalde_warmian_masurian_voivodeship_poland.