Philadelphia (Pennsylvania, USA)
Philadelphia (City of Brotherly Love), (2006 metro population: 5,823,233), fifth largest city in United States, has played a very significant role in American Mennonite history. The city was founded by William Penn and the Quakers in 1681 and chartered in 1701. The Quakers have played a prominent role in the life of the state and the city. The first permanent Mennonite settlement to be established in America was Germantown located 6 miles north of the city at that time, but now incorporated in the city. Ever since the first arrival in 1683 Philadelphia served as a gateway port for most of the Mennonites of Swiss-German background, though very few of them settled in the city. The Germantown Mennonite Church is still in existence today (2007).
Mennonites moving into the city later (1865) established the First Mennonite Church (General Conference Mennonite [GCM]) at Diamond and Reese streets (see Philadelphia First Mennonite Church) and the Second Mennonite Church (GCM, 1899) at Franklin and Indiana. In the late 1950s, the Norris Square Mennonite Church, organized in 1922 (Sunday school organized in 1899), belonged to the Lancaster Mennonite Conference. The Mennonite Brethren in Christ had the Salem Church at Broad and McFerran and some missions in West Philadelphia and Roxboro.
Philadelphia is a cultural center of the nation and contains in its many libraries and museums, such as the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Germantown Historical Society, the Free Library of Philadelphia, the Friends Historical Society, the Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation, significant material pertaining to Mennonite culture and history.
The capital town of the Fernheim Mennonite Colony in the Paraguayan Chaco, Filadelfia, was named after the Pennsylvania city, partly because the owners of the land sold to the Mennonites had their chief residence there, and partly because the idea of emphasizing brotherly love appealed to the refugee settlers.
Fretz, Clarence. "A Sight-Seeing Tour of Philadelphia." Mennonite Life II (July 1947): 24-26.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 162. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Krahn, Cornelius. "Philadelphia (Pennsylvania, USA)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 24 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/philadelphia_pennsylvania_usa.
APA style: Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Philadelphia (Pennsylvania, USA). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/philadelphia_pennsylvania_usa.