Primavera Hutterite Colony (Paraguay)
Primavera, a Hutterite colony in East (Alto) Paraguay, located about 80 miles northeast of Asuncion. This colony was founded in 1941 by the inhabitants of the Cotswold Bruderhof in Wiltshire, England. The Bruderhof belonged to the Society of Brothers (later known as the Hutterian Brethren, Bruderhof Communities, and more recently, Church Communities International), founded by Eberhard Arnold in 1920 in Germany. Members of this group had previously moved from Germany to England between 1936 and 1938, where many English nationals joined the movement. At the outbreak of World War II, those members of the Bruderhof who were German nationals were faced with detention. An alternative was to immigrate as a group, and so the Bruderhof chose to leave England and immigrate to Paraguay, the only country willing to accept a pacifist community of mixed nationalities.
The movement to Paraguay was made with the assistance of the Mennonite Central Committee and the American Friends Service Committee, and the settlement was made adjacent to the Mennonite Colony of Friesland to the east. The colony consists of three separate village communities -- Isla Margarita, established in 1941, Loma Jhoby, 1942, and Ibate, 1946. The total population was 350 in 1941, 650 in 1951, and 650 in 1958. Of the 650 persons in 1951, 350 were children under fifteen. In the late 1950s eighteen different nationalities (about 50 per cent were English, about 20 per cent were German) and 90 family names were found among the Primavera Hutterites. The chief source of income was agriculture; some industry had developed, particularly the extraction and bottling of orange juice, tangerines, and grapefruit. By their education programs and their hospital (Sanatorio Primavera) the community had proved to be very helpful to the native Paraguayans. The official corporate name in Paraguay was Sociedad Fraternal Hutteriana. It maintained a home and business office in Asuncion of 40 persons 1958.
By the mid-1950s a number of Americans encouraged expansion of the movement to the United States. In 1961 the colony was dissolved due to differences with Eberhard Arnold’s son, Heinrich Arnold and the American Bruderhofs that followed his leadership. By 1962 all members had relocated to the United States or England. The land of the former colony was purchased by the Friesland Colony.
Fretz, J. W. Pilgrims in Paraguay. Scottdale, 1953: 53-59.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: III, 398.
Oved, Yaacov. “Una inmigración peculiar: la Sociedad de Hermanos en Paraguay y Uruguay.” Estudios Interdisciplinarios de America Latina y El Caribe 3, No. 1 (June 1992).
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 219. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne and Richard D. Thiessen. "Primavera Hutterite Colony (Paraguay)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. March 2008. Web. 23 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/primavera_hutterite_colony_paraguay.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne and Richard D. Thiessen. (March 2008). Primavera Hutterite Colony (Paraguay). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/primavera_hutterite_colony_paraguay.