Radichev (Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine)
Radichev on the Desna, a village in the Ukrainian province of Chernihiv (Chernigov), a Hutterite Bruderhof. Count Peter Rumyantsev brought the Hutterian Brethren to Vyshenka in the province of Chernigov, Ukraine; but his son restricted the liberties promised them. Therefore they were given some crown land at Radichev in 1801, and established a new Bruderhof there. Soon, however, a decline set in. Health conditions were poor; of the fifty families only two persons passed the age of fifty, and the natural increase for half of a generation was only 58. More serious was the division within the settlement, one group under elder Johann Waldner wishing to retain the ancient practice of community of goods, and the other group under Jakob Walter wanting to give it up. The government authorities summoned from St. Petersburg were unable to establish peace. The Walter group left the Bruderhof, but many of them returned within a year. The old Bruderhof buildings burned to the ground. The groups then remained together but abandoned community in 1819, for the second time in Hutterite history. In 1820 Johann Waldner died. The settlement made some recovery in the ensuing years. New villages were established in the Molotschna at Hutterthal, Johannesruh, Neuhutterthal, and again a Bruderhof Hutterdorf. In 1874 Hutterdorf immigrated to South Dakota; in 1877 Hutterthal and Johannesruh followed, and the rest in 1879.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III: 425.
Klaus, Alexander. Unsere Kolonien (translated from the Russian by Jakob Töws). Odessa, 1887: 46-92.
Smith, C. Henry. The Story of the Mennonites. Newton, 1950: 380-83.
Zieglschmid, A. J. F. Das Klein-Geschichtsbuch der Hutterischen Brüder. Philadelphia, PA: Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation, 1947.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 244. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Correll, Ernst. "Radichev (Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 25 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/radichev_chernihiv_oblast_ukraine.
APA style: Correll, Ernst. (1959). Radichev (Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/radichev_chernihiv_oblast_ukraine.