Reichhorst (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Reichhorst (now Żukowo, Poland)
Source: Archiwalne Mapy Pomorza Gdańskiego
Reichhorst (now known as Żukowo; coordinates: 54.094, 19.447 [54° 6′ 10″ N, 19° 0′ 0″ E]; population in 1905, 113; in 2013, 130) is located approximately 9 kilometers (5.5 miles) south-east of Elbląg (Elbing), 25 km. (16 miles) south-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 27 km. (17 miles) north-east of Malbork (Marienburg). It is located on the western shore of Lake Druzno (Drausen See).
Reichhorst was founded in 1631. Until 1772 Wengeln was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Wengeln was located. The village was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the German province of East Prussia. At the outbreak of World War II in 1939, it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2012 Żukowo (Reichhorst) along with Węgle (Wengeln) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Markusy, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The Prussian 1776 census lists seven Mennonite families in Reichhorst with the following surnames: Dircksen, Ewert, Guhr, Horn, Penner, Peters, and Quapp. In 1820 Reichhorst had 77 inhabitants, of which 43 were Mennonite.
Mennonites who were residents of Reichhorst were members of the Thiensdorf-Markushof Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Węgle - Żukowo" Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 17 February 2013..
Wikipedia. "Węgle-Żukowo." Web. 17 February 2013..
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 17 February 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=5430.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Reichhorst (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. February 2013. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/reichhorst_warmian_masurian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (February 2013). Reichhorst (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/reichhorst_warmian_masurian_voivodeship_poland.