Schmerblock (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Schmerblock (now Błotnik, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Schmerblock (now known as Błotnik; coordinates: 54.275833, 18.875 [54° 16′ 36″ N, 18° 52′ 42″ E]; population in 1905, 372; in 2012, 344) is located approximately 5 kilometres (3 miles) north-east of Cedry Wielkie (Groß Zünder), 16 km. (10 mi.) east of Pruszcz Gdański (Praust), 17 km. (11 mi.) north-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 19 km. (12 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Schmerblock was founded in 1354. In 1552, it was included in the Dutch colonization; the settlers included families with the surnames Hollten, Klasen, and Gertson. In 1613, Schmerblock had 56 włókas, 28 morgas (1,006 hectares). Until 1793 Schmerblock was part of Danzig in Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The Second Partition of Poland in 1793 added Danzig and its surrounding territory to the province of West Prussia. Schmerblock was situated in the district (Kreis) of Danzig from 1818 until 1887, when it became part of the district of Danziger Niederung. The village became part of the Free City of Danzig from 1920 until the outbreak of World War II in 1939, when it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2012 Schmerblock (now Błotnik) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Cedry Wielkie, within Gdańsk County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In 1820, Błotnik, including Eschenkrug, had 266 residents, including 26 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Schmerblock were members of the Bärwalde Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Błotnik." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 26 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=292&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Błotnik." Web. 26 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Błotnik.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 26 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=5862.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Schmerblock (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 25 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/schmerblock_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Schmerblock (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/schmerblock_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.