South Holland (Netherlands)
|Source: Wikipedia Commons|
South Holland (Dutch, Zuid-Holland), a province of the Netherlands (1,085 sq. miles and a population of 2,400,000 in 1954; 3,458,875 in 2006) in which are found the large cities of The Hague and Rotterdam, has six Mennonite congregations, namely, Leiden, The Hague, Delft, Rotterdam, Dordrecht, and Ouddorp, and “kringen” (circles) at Gouda, Voorburg-Rijswijk, and Gorinchem.
In the 1530s Anabaptism did not spread as much in South Holland as it did in other Dutch provinces like North Holland and Friesland, though there were a number of important Anabaptist centers like Leiden, Brielle, and Schiedam. About 1600 there were probably many Mennonite congregations in this province, most of them small, and usually founded or increased in membership by Mennonite immigrants from Flanders, Belgium. Most of these Flemish immigrants later moved on to Rotterdam and Haarlem, and thus betwecn 1600 and 1700 more than 20 Mennonite congregations in South Holland died out. Other reasons for the decay were the small membership, the pressure of the Reformed Church, and mixed marriages. By 1700 only Leiden, Gouda, The Hague, Schiedam, Hazerswoude, Rotterdam, Dordrecht, Spijkenisse, and Ouddorp were left, and during the 18th century Gouda, The Hague, Schiedam, Hazerswoude, Dordrecht, and Spijkenisse also dissolved. In 1810 there were only three left—Leiden, Rotterdam, and Ouddorp, with a total of 180 baptized members. Since 1880 there has been considerable growth and new congregations have arisen at The Hague (1881), Dordrecht (1895/6), and Delft (1925), besides the circles mentioned above.
The total number of baptized members in South Holland was 3,307 in 1771 ; in 1958 it was 4,195, whereas the 1947 census listed 8,237 persons as Mennonites.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 587. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "South Holland (Netherlands) ." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 19 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/south_holland.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1959). South Holland (Netherlands) . Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/south_holland.