Spijkenisse (Zuid-Holland, Netherlands)
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Spijkenisse, a small town on the island of Putten (coordinates: 51° 50′ 40″ N, 4° 19′ 12″ E) in the Dutch province of South Holland, formerly the seat of a Mennonite congregation, which is sometimes called "Spijkenis, Heenvliet and Suytlant," and also "Geervliet-Spijkenis." (See also Geervliet, Heenvliet, and Zuidland. It is impossible because of lack of sources to ascertain whether and to what extent these congregations were independent of each other. A congregation of Spijkenisse is mentioned before 1600. This congregation, belonging to the Flemish branch, was always small (figures not obtainable). In 1648 its meetinghouse burned down and was rebuilt with financial support by the Rotterdam congregation; also at several other times Rotterdam contributed to the needs of Spijkenisse. After the Lammerenkrijgh had divided the Flemish Mennonites into Lamists and Zonists, Spijkenisse, Heenvliet, and Zuidland sided with the conservative Zonists, and in 1664 Huygh Barentsz van der Klok, Leendert Pietersz, and Adriaan Jansz signed the Verbondt van Eenigheydt for these congregation(s), while in 1674 the congregation rejected liberal Collegiant views. It was always served by untrained preachers chosen from the membership; apparently Klaas Cornelissen, who served till about 1721, was the last of them. According to the Naamlijst of 1731, 1743, and 1755 the pulpit then became vacant and by about 1760 the congregation of Spijkenisse had ceased to exist.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: v. I, No. 896; v. II, No. 2367.
Vos, Karel. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinde gemeente te Rotterdam. 1907: reprint 13.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 595. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Spijkenisse (Zuid-Holland, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/spijkenisse_putten_south_holland_netherlands.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1959). Spijkenisse (Zuid-Holland, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/spijkenisse_putten_south_holland_netherlands.