Tiegerweide (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Tiegerweide (now Cyganek, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Tiegerweide (now known as Cyganek; coordinates: 54.230621, 19.080848 [54° 13′ 50″ N, 19° 4′ 51″ E]; population in 1905, 76; in 2012, 80), is located approximately 2.7 kilometres (1.7 miles) north-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), 21 km. (13 mi.) north-west of Elblag (Elbing), 22 km. (14 mi.) north of Malbork (Marienburg), and 33 km. (21 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Tiegerweide was once the site of a Medieval fortification which was a ruin by the 18th century. The village was re-founded by Mennonite settlers in 1743. Until 1772 Tiegerweide was part of the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Tiegerweide was located. Tiegerweide was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 Tiegerweide (now Cyganek) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowy Dwór Gdański, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census listed 10 Mennonite families in Tiegerweide with the following Mennonite surnames: Bargen, Bruhn, Horn, Kettler, Meckleburg, Nickel, Olbitz, Quiring, Suckau, and Warkentien. In 1820, there were 65 residents, including 47 Mennonites. In 1885, the village had 262 ha. of arable land, 13 houses, and 122 residents, including 40 Mennonites.
The Frisian Mennonites, which comprised the majority of Mennonite families in Tiegerweide, were members of the Orlofferfelde Mennonite Church, while the Flemish Mennonites were members of the Tiegenhagen Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Cyganek." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 4 November 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=307&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Cyganek." Web. 4 November 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyganek.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 4 November 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=6515.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Tiegerweide (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. November 2012. Web. 23 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/tiegerweide_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (November 2012). Tiegerweide (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/tiegerweide_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.