Wengelwalde (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)
|Detailed map of Wengelwalde, 1930
Source: Kujawsko-Pomorska Biblioteka Cyfrowa
Wengelwalde (also known as Wengelnwalde and Wiebenwald; now known as Żółwiniec; coordinates: 54.0754, 19.4311 [54° 4′ 31″ N, 19° 25′ 51″ E]; population in 1905, 281; in 2013, 80) is located approximately 10.5 kilometers (6.5 miles) south-east of Elbląg (Elbing), 25 km. (16 miles) east of Malbork (Marienburg), and 26 km. (16 miles) south-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof).
Wengelwalde was established in 1678. Until 1772 Wengelwalde was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Wengelwalde was located. Wengelwalde was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the German province of East Prussia. At the outbreak of World War II in 1939, it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2012 Żółwiniec was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Markusy, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists 29 Mennonite families with 96 individuals, with the following surnames: Bestvader, Brandt, Butthwig, Dau, Engbrecht, Frantz, Froese, Jantzen, Kliewert, Kneiphoff, Martens, Penner, Peters, Schaeffer, Schmidt, and Stob. In 1820, the village had 267 residents, including 114 Mennonites, while in 1885 - 477 ha, 61 houses, and 325 residents, including 51 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Wengelwalde were members of the Thiensdorf-Markushof Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Żółwieniec (Żółwiniec)." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 17 February 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=483&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Żółwiniec, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship." Web. 17 February 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Żółwiniec,_Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 12 February 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=6860.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Wengelwalde (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. February 2013. Web. 23 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/wengelwalde_warmian_masurian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (February 2013). Wengelwalde (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/wengelwalde_warmian_masurian_voivodeship_poland.