Altona (Zagradovka Mennonite Settlement, Kherson Oblast, Ukraine)
Altona was a village in the Mennonite colony of Zagradovka, province of Kherson, Russia, 80 miles (130 km) north of the city of Kherson, in the valley of the Ingulets, a tributary of the Dnieper, founded in 1873 by Mennonites from the Molotschna Colony. The original settlement was made on the right bank of the Ingulets; in 1876 and 1877 the village was moved to the nearby hills because of frequent floods on the original site. The postal station was Tiege. In 1900, 95 Mennonites emigrated from here to Siberia and settled near Barnaul, province of Tomsk. Altona embraced about 2,700 acres with 36 farms; it had 180 inhabitants, most of them farmers. There were also windmills and electric mills, cabinetmaking, tile manufacture, coral agate quarrying. With few exceptions all the families were Mennonites, equally divided among the Nikolaifeld Mennonite Church, the Tiege Mennonite Brethren Church, and the Altonau Evangelical Mennonite Church, which arose here in 1907. Altona had a German elementary school.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 48.
Lohrenz, Gerhard. Sagradowka: die Geschichte einer mennonitischen Ansiedlung im Süden Russlands, Rosthern: Echo-Verlag, 1947.
Lohrenz, Gerhard. Zagradovka: history of a Mennonite settlement in southern Russia. Winnipeg, MB: CMBC Publications, 2000.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 81. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Hege, Christian. "Altona (Zagradovka Mennonite Settlement, Kherson Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/A4548.html.
APA style: Hege, Christian. (1955). Altona (Zagradovka Mennonite Settlement, Kherson Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/A4548.html.