Annaparochie, Sint (Friesland, Netherlands)
Sint (St.) Annaparochie (Anna-Parochie), a village in the Dutch province of Friesland, northwest of Leeuwarden, was formerly also called simply Annakerk. The village is built on land reclaimed from the Middenzee, which was dammed up in 1505 and was called Het Bildt; three villages were built on it, St. Anna-Parochie, St. Jacobi-Parochie, and Lieve-Vrouwen-Parochie. Leenaert Bouwens baptized a total of 197 persons in Het Bildt between 1563 and 1582, many of whom were no doubt residents of St. Anna; hence it is thought that a congregation dates to that time. The congregation was called Het Bildt in the early period; the name St. Annakerk was not used until 1644. For a time there were two congregations. One, which died out between 1757 and 1759, belonged to the Jan Jacobsgezinden. The other, which had a subsidiary in the neighboring Oudebildtzijl, had 18 members about 1700. Nothing is known about the history of this congregation in the 18th century. In 1808 the congregation of St. Annaparochie was dissolved; the church was torn down and the few remaining members joined the Oudebildtzijl. After 1806 the meetinghouse was used for various purposes. In 1808-1812 it lodged a platoon of French soldiers; finally it was torn down in 1869. In 1871, however, a new congregation was founded in St. Annaparochie and a church built in the next year. In 1873 the congregation called H. Ens as its first minister. From 1881 to 1896 St. Annaparochie was united for preaching service with Berlikum.
At the time of the reorganization in 1871 there were thirty members; in 1898 there were 45 with 40 catechumens; in 1950 there were 159 with 50 catechumens. Since its restoration until the early 1950s the congregation has been served by the following ministers: H. Ens, 1873-1880; J. de Stoppelaar, 1880-1881; with Berlikum, R. Kuperus, 1882-1884; after a long vacancy P. Oosterbaan, 1898-1901; A. M. Cramer, 1901-1904; H. Bakels, 1908-1909 and 1911-1916; W. H. toe Water, 1916-1923; M. J. Rosters Gz, 1923-1929; Miss M. T. Gerritsma, 1929-1932; Miss C. Boerlage, 1933-1941; M. van der Meulen, 1941-1946; A. P. van de Water, 1948-1950; since then Miss C. Schepman.
The congregation, composed in the 1950s largely of gardeners who were not wealthy, had a Sunday school for children, an organization for women, and one for the young people.
Buse, H. J. "De verdwenen Dg gemeenten in Friesland." Vrije Fries 22 (1915): 4-6. Reprint.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Friesland. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff, 1839.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1872): 189; (1873), 189; (1874): 141.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 73.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: v. II, 1523.
Loosjes, J. "Jan Jacobsz en de Jan Jacobsgezinden." Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis 11 (1914): 225-226.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 124. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Annaparochie, Sint (Friesland, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1953. Web. 19 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/A551.html.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1953). Annaparochie, Sint (Friesland, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/A551.html.