Eshleman is a Swiss family name found among the Mennonites (Mennonite Church) of Lancaster Conference and the areas to which they have migrated, especially Maryland and Ontario, and also among the Alsatian Amish. Among the Eshelman immigrants to Pennsylvania were Daniel (before 1718), John (1731), Ulrich (1750), and Frank (latter 18th century). The name appears in Swiss history in the Langnau district in 1550. The Swiss canton of Bern was struggling with the Mennonites in the early 18th century; some were sent to the galleys, and Preacher Michael Aeschlimann, 81, was sentenced to lifelong imprisonment. Also imprisoned was Kaspar Aeschlimann of Rüegsau. In 1764 two Emmental Mennonite couples named Aeschlimann went to the Jura and were there married by Mennonite ministers, whereupon Swiss authorities sought to declare the marriages null and void. In 1753 a Christian Eschelmann was living at Ibersheim in the Palatinate. The name Aschliman was also common among the 19th-century Alsatian Amish Mennonites of Fulton County, Ohio. Among the ordained men have been Bishop Peter Eshleman (1798-1876) of the Miller district, Washington County, Maryland, and his son Deacon Peter Eshleman (1834-1917), who served in the same district for about 40 years. Three Africa missionaries of the Lancaster Conference were named Eshleman (1953), as were two deacons serving in the home conference district. A minister named Eshleman was also serving in Virginia in 1956.
Eshleman, H. Frank. Historic Background and Annals of the Swiss and German Pioneer Settlers of Southeastern Pennsylvania. Lancaster, 1917: 240.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 249. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Wenger, John C. "Eshleman family." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 23 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/E760ME.html.
APA style: Wenger, John C. (1955). Eshleman family. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/E760ME.html.