Nieder-Chortitza (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)
Nieder-Chortitza (Russian, Nizhnaya-Chortitza), a village of the Chortitza Mennonite settlement, province of Ekaterinoslav, Russia (now Zaporizhia, Ukraine), volost Marianovka, was founded in 1803 by Mennonites coming from the Danzig region. In 1912 the village had 5,192 acres of land and a population of 742. During World War I, the Mennonite population consisted of 185 families (835 persons). The 175 farms consisted of 6,712 acres.
During the Russian Revolution and the early Soviet regime the Mennonites of this village suffered severely. In 1919-1921 persons were murdered; during the famine of 1921-1922, 24 died of starvation; and during 1933-1934, 35 perished. During 1929-1941 83 persons were exiled. Before the Germans arrived to occupy Ukraine in 1941, 289 persons were evacuated, of whom only 13 returned. This indicates that almost half of the population either perished or was exiled or evacuated under the Soviets. When the German army returned to Germany, the remaining population was taken along; some were repatriated by the Russian army from Poland and East Germany, and the remainder reached Canada and South America after World War II.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 264.
Neuer Haus- und Landwirtschafts-Kalender. Odessa, 1913: 49, 74.
Stumpp, Karl. Bericht über das Gebiet Chortitza: im Generalbezirk Dnjepropetrowsk. Berlin: Publikationsstelle Ost, 1943.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 874. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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To cite this page:
MLA style: Krahn, Cornelius. "Nieder-Chortitza (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 18 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/N53815.html.
APA style: Krahn, Cornelius. (1957). Nieder-Chortitza (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/N53815.html.