Paul I, Emperor of Russia (1754-1801)
Paul I, Emperor of Russia 1796-1801, was born 1 October 1754, the son of Peter III and Catherine II. He succeeded his mother upon her death on 5 November 1796 and was crowned on 17 November 1796, at the age of 42.
Although Catherine II had issued several manifestos to attract foreign settlers like the Mennonites, these were seen as inadequate. After her death, the Mennonites entered negotiations with the government of Paul I. The Privilegium that Paul I signed on 6 September 1800 included freedom of religion and exclusion from military service for Mennonites and their descendants as well as tax exemptions and other rights. Paul's Privilegium prompted a second large wave of Mennonite immigration to Russia, with the vast majority settling in the Molotschna settlement.
Paul was murdered on 2 March 1801 by a conspiracy of Count Pahlen, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Alexander I.
Friesen, Peter M. Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschichte. Halbstadt: Verlagsgesellschaft "Raduga", 1911: 90.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 337.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 125. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Neff, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. "Paul I, Emperor of Russia (1754-1801)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. July 2007. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/P3902.html.
APA style: Neff, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. (July 2007). Paul I, Emperor of Russia (1754-1801). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/P3902.html.