Peace Studies is a relatively new field of study. The first degree programs offered in peace studies were at Manchester College (1948), and Manhattan College (1970). By 1986 Bethel College (Kansas), Goshen College, Conrad Grebel University College, and the Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminary had established programs in peace studies. Menno Simons College added a Conflict Resolution major in the 1990s. Other Mennonite colleges and schools operated by other historic peace churches offer courses in peace studies. The programs generally study the resolution of conflicts of all types, from the interpersonal to global levels. They also include courses on nonviolent direct action. A significant aspect of the programs usually is an internship where students engage in a participant-observer relationship with an organization or agency engaged in peacemaking at some level.
The Consortium on Peace Research, Education, and Development (COPRED) is the organization which seeks to promote peace studies. Its national office was at Bethel College from 1978 to 1980. The U.S. Institute of Peace and Conflict Resolution came into existence in 1985.
Keeney, William. "New Perspectives on Peacemaking." Mennonite Life 35 (March, 1980): 4-7.
Friesen, Duane K. "Peace Studies: Mennonite Colleges in the North American Context." Mennonite Life 35 (March, 1980): 13-18.
Wien, Barbara J., ed. Peace and World Order Studies: a Curriculum Guide, 4th ed. New York: World Policy Institute, 1984.
To Establish the United States Academy of Peace, Report of the Commission on Proposals for the National Academy of Peace and Conflict Resolution to the President of the United States and the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States Congress. Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.
"Directory of Peace Studies Programs." COPRED, 911 West High St., Room 100 Urbana, IL 61801, updated frequently.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 5, p. 687. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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