Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1520-1572)
Sigismund II Augustus (Zygmunt II August), King of Poland 1548-1572, was b. 1 August 1520, the only son of King Sigismund I the Old of Poland (1467-1548) and Bona Sforza (1494-1557). Sigismund succeeded his father as King of Poland upon his father’s death in 1548.
Sigismund united Lithuania, West Prussia, Volhynia, and the Ukraine with Poland in 1569 and granted general religious freedom in 1572. He did not at first tolerate the Anabaptists, whom he considered a threat to the state. When he heard that Dutch Mennonite refugees were settling in Elbing he issued a mandate in 1556 ordering their expulsion, but later he confirmed the contract of lease concluded by the barons of Loysen with the Mennonites.
Sigismund was succeeded by Henri of Valois, who reigned as King of Poland from 1573 to 1574 before abdicating to become King Henry III of France. Sigismund’s sister Anna Jagiellon was elected Queen of Poland in 1575, ruling with her husband Stefan Batory.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. IV.
Mannhardt, W. Die Wehrfreiheit der Altpreussischen Mennoniten. Marienburg, 1863.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 525. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
To cite this page:
MLA style: Neff, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. "Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1520-1572)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. August 2007. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/S54685.html.
APA style: Neff, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. (August 2007). Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1520-1572). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/S54685.html.