Tilsit (Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)
Tilsit (now Sovetsk), (1959 pop., ca. 60,000; 2004 pop., 43,278) a town now Russian, in former times Lithuanian, and in the 17th and 18th centuries a district city of East Prussia. It is located on the left bank of the Neman River. In the vicinity of Tilsit (Tilsit Lowlands) Mennonites from West Prussia settled in 1713 ff. Most of them, however, by the order of Friedrich Wilhelm I, had to leave the country in 1724; they went to the Culm area and to Tragheimerweide in West Prussia. Shortly after 1740, during the reign of Friedrich II the Great, a new group of immigrants settled in the neighborhood of Tilsit. The Mennonites of the Tilsit Lowland formed the congregation of Plauschwarren, later called Adlig Pokraken. In 1776 there were 16 Mennonite families with 77 souls in the Tilsit district, four families living in the town of Tilsit. In 1861, 29 Mennonites were living in the town of Tilsit and 49 in the Tilsit-Ragnit district; in 1910 these figures were 100 and 50 respectively, and in 1925, 85 and 50.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 724, 1129. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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To cite this page:
MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne and Cornelius Krahn. "Tilsit (Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 19 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/T6173.html.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne and Cornelius Krahn. (1959). Tilsit (Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/T6173.html.