Ulrum (Groningen, Netherlands)
Ulrum, a small village in the northeast of the Dutch province of Groningen, formerly the seat of a Mennonite congregation existing already in the 16th century and later belonging to the Groningen Old Flemish branch. Concerning its history there is little information. At the Old Flemish conference meetings it was represented only in the 18th century. In 1686 and again in 1717 Ulrum was severely struck by a flood of the North Sea; on 12 November 1686, the church lost a member by drowning, and some cattle; much more severe were the losses on Christmas Day of 1717; besides large numbers of cattle (275 cows, 72 horses, 120 sheep, owned by Mennonites), the small congregation of Ulrum lost two men, nine women, and seventeen children. This was the heaviest flood known in history to strike the province of Groningen; it killed no fewer than 2300 persons. According to a circular of the Groningen Old Flemish conference (Sociëteit), which started a relief action in behalf of the Mennonite victims of the flood, Ulrum was the worst hit congregation.
The baptized membership of Ulrum, numbering ca. 80 in 1710, rapidly decreased in the 18th century to 45 in 1733, 34 in 1754, and only 8 in 1767, but in the following years there was a considerable increase; in 1792 Ulrum and Houwerzijl, with which Ulrum united in 1773, together numbered about 60 members. Ulrum was always served by lay preachers chosen from the congregation. From 1783 the pulpit was vacant; an attempt made in 1785 to merge with the Flemish congregation of neighboring den Hoorn failed. In 1791 both Ulrum and Houwerzijl joined the Mennonite conference of Friesland, but this lasted only two years, for in 1793 both were dissolved. Some of the remaining (about 15) members merged with the Den Hoorn congregation, but most of them joined the Reformed Church. The meetinghouse was sold.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Groningen, Overijssel en Oost-Friesland. 2 v. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff en J. B. Wolters, 1842: v. I, 127, 140, 142, 202.
Doopsgezind Jaarboekje (1840): 43.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1879): 6; (1906): 46.
Naamlijst der tegenwoordig in dienst zijnde predikanten der Mennoniten in de vereenigde Nederlanden. Amsterdam, 1792: 59; 1793: 58.
Old Archives of the congregation of Groningen, No. 146.
Scheffer, Hoop and Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. 2 v. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: v. II, No. 2287.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 771-772. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
To cite this page:
MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Ulrum (Groningen, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 21 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/U441.html.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1959). Ulrum (Groningen, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/U441.html.