Zwartsluis (Overijssel, Netherlands)
Zwartsluis, a town in the Dutch province of Overijssel (1959 pop. c3,300, with 41 Mennonites), seat of a Mennonite congregation, concerning whose beginning and history little is known. In April 1648 the States of Overijssel discussed whether Mennonite meetings held in Zwartsluis should not be forbidden; but obviously church life went on. Most members were engaged in shipping. The membership was always small: (figures of the 16th-18th centuries not available), 40 in 1840, 47 in 1861, 31 in 1900, 21 in 1958. In the late 1950s the meetinghouse was built in 1842; the organ is of 1881. As early as 1724 the congregation, subsidized by the Lamist church of Amsterdam, was served by a salaried (untrained) minister called from outside. From 1809 the Zwartsluis congregation received financial support from the Dutch government, the first Dutch Mennonite church to which such a contribution was given. Untrained ministers served here until 1860, the last two of whom were Jan Geertsz van Wierum 1788-d.1825 (he died of shock because of a severe flood which destroyed his books) and Harmen Wybes Woudstra 1826-d.1860. The first graduate of the Amsterdam seminary to serve here was A. Snellen 1861-1867, followed by J. P. Müller 1867-1872, C. Leendertz 1873-1875, Tj. Kielstra 1876-1885, who from 1880 on also served at Meppel as did his successor H. Koekebakker Jr., who served at Zwartsluis 1886-d.1890. The pulpit then remained vacant until 1896. The agreement with Meppel lasted only until 1892. S. van der Goot served at Zwartsluis 1896-98, followed by A. de Vries Mzn 1898-1903, W. Koekebakker 1904-1909, M. Huizinga, Jr. 1910-1914, and P. Ens 1915-1916. In 1917-41 Zwartsluis was served by the pastors of Meppel and since 1942 by those of Kampen.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Groningen, Overijssel en Oost-Friesland. 2 v. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff en J. B. Wolters, 1842: v. I, 65; v. II, 105, 239.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen. (1861): 174; (1880): 166 f.; (1881): 48; (1882): 118f.; (1893): 137; (1901): 5.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. 2 v. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: v. II, Nos. 2434-55.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 1049. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
To cite this page:
MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Zwartsluis (Overijssel, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/Z937.html.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1959). Zwartsluis (Overijssel, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/Z937.html.