Drachten en Ureterp (Friesland, Netherlands)
Drachten en Ureterp is a Mennonite congregation in the eastern part of the Dutch province of Friesland, about 15 miles (25 km) southeast of Leeuwarden and 14 miles (23 km) northeast of Heerenveen. The congregation, which formerly belonged to the Groningen Old Flemish Mennonites, was apparently founded in the first part of the 17th century, when Drachten arose as a peat-cutting center. After the peat had been removed, the soil was suited to farming. The earliest account of a Mennonite congregation here is of 1645, though the congregation may have been older. In February 1645 a meeting was held in the home of Jan Wibbes, a shoemaker. From the beginning the congregation was closely connected with the Mennonites of nearby Ureterp, who were farmers, and Ureterp should perhaps be considered as the oldest kernel of the congregation. As Drachten grew, more Mennonites moved to Drachten, and about 1690 a meetinghouse was built at Drachten. The membership then (1695) was 82.
Of its history little is known. Its members were mostly peat-diggers, farmers, and a few sailors, who were absent from their home town from about February to November. For this reason, as in other towns of Friesland, where sailors formed a considerable part of the membership, like Grouw, Joure, and Warns, baptism and communion services were formerly not held just before Easter, as is common in Dutch congregations, but at the end of January or the first Sunday of February. It is not quite clear whether Drachten and Ureterp were two more or less independent congregations or only one. Since the beginning of the 18th century the name of the congregation has been "Drachten en Ureterp." It developed peacefully; in 1695 it joined the Mennonite conference of Friesland (Friesche Societeit), founded in that year. It soon became more progressive in church practices, abandoning the old Flemish practices like feetwashing and silent prayer. In 1708 a small group of conservative members, wishing to maintain the old principles and practices, separated from the main body; this group, the membership of which in 1710 was only 14, was dissolved in 1787.
The main congregation grew steadily both in membership and spiritual strength. This was due in large part to the apt leadership of its lay preachers, including Albert Sybolts (1690-ca. 1745), his son Sybolt Alberts (1718-1767), his grandson Albert Sybolts Jr. (1744-1779), and Sybolt (1780-1809) and Tjalling Arends (1789-1805). The descendants of Tjeerd Arends, a brother of Sybolt and Tjalling, are still numerous in the congregation (see Arends family).
In 1790 the old meetinghouse at Drachten was replaced by another church; an organ was acquired in 1857. Until 1808 the congregation was served by untrained preachers. Then it obtained a minister who had been educated at the Mennonite Seminary of Amsterdam, viz., Jan Plantinus, 1809-1850. He was followed by F. Born 1850-1854, H. A. van Gelder 1855-1858, G. ten Cate 1858-1883, S. F. van der Ploeg 1884-1887, H. van Cleeff 1888-1889, A. van der Wissel 1890-1903, J. Wuite 1904-1912, M. van der Vegte, Jr., 1913-1919, P. Vis 1920-1926, M. A. Hijlkema 1926-1935, J. E. Tuininga 1936-1939, G. J. W. den Herder 1939-1942, J. W. Sipkema 1942-1947, and G. de Groot 1948-1954. The membership numbered 82 in 1695, 142 in 1809, 265 in 1861, 220 in 1900, 223 in 1954.
Church activities in the 1950s included a Sunday school for children, Menniste Bouwers (youth group), young members' circle, ladies' circle, men's circle, Bible circle, ladies' choir; church services for youth in cooperation with the Reformed Church were regularly held in the Mennonite Church.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Friesland. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff, 1839: 160, 168, 188, 223, 247, 254.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Groningen, Overijssel en Oost-Friesland. 2 v. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff en J. B. Wolters, 1842: 128, 142.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1861): 132 f.; (1879): 2, 91; (1891): 111; (1894): 98; (1900): 93.
Doopsgezind Jaarboekje (1840): 43.
Durksz, J. J. Geschiedkundig overzicht van de Doopsgezinde Gemeente Drachten-Ureterp: rede gehouden op zondag 18 Oct. 1940 .... Drachten: Druk Gebr. Folkertsma, 1940.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon., 4 v. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: I, 471 f.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. 2 v. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: II, 2, No. 43.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, pp. 97-98. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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To cite this page:
MLA style: Vis, P. and Nanne van der Zijpp. "Drachten en Ureterp (Friesland, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 23 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/drachten_en_ureterp_friesland_netherlands.
APA style: Vis, P. and Nanne van der Zijpp. (1956). Drachten en Ureterp (Friesland, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/drachten_en_ureterp_friesland_netherlands.